Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, one of the two countries situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Spain has a coastline at the Atlantic Ocean in north and the Mediterranean Sea in south east. It is bordered by Andorra, France, Gibraltar (U.K.), Portugal, and Morocco (at the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the North African coast), it also shares maritime borders with Algeria and Italy.
Spain occupies an area of 505,992 km² making it the fourth largest country in Europe, and the second largest in western Europe. Compared it is twice the size of the United Kingdom, or slightly more than twice the size of the US state of Oregon.
Spain has a population of 46.4 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Madrid, Spain’s second city is Barcelona, the capital city of Catalonia. Official and national language is Spanish, co-official languages are Basque, Catalan and Galician.
Spain is known for its food, Flamenco music and dance, bullfights, horses, arts and literature, architecture, a Moorish heritage, its islands, Mediterranean beaches, wines, fruits and vegetables, and football (soccer).