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 About Canada

Canada, the second largest country in the world occupies most of the northern part of North America, covering the vast land area from the United States in south to the Arctic Circle in the north. It is a country of enormous distances and rich natural resources.

Long time part of colonial North America, Canada became a self-governing colony in the mid 19th century (1867) while retaining ties to the British crown.

Canada is bordered by Alaska (USA) in west, and by 12 US states of the continental United States in south, the country shares maritime borders with Greenland (an autonomous territory of Denmark) and Saint Pierre and Miquelon, an island which belongs to France.

Canada’s landscape offers a wide range of natural sceneries and is divided into multiple geographical regions. The Canadian Shield, which is the largest geographical area, encompasses half the country and centers on Hudson Bay. The southeastern region of Canada is dominated by lowlands, bordered by the Great Lakes: Lake Michigan, Lake Superior, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario.

The country occupies an area of 9,984,670 km², making it the largest country in the Western Hemisphere. Compared it is slightly larger than the US, or 18 times the size of France.

36.3 million people (in 2017) live in the country, this is about 10% of the population of neighboring USA. Capital city is Ottawa, largest city is Toronto, spoken languages are English and French.

Fact File

Map of Canada

Canada National Flag

 
Canada Currency
CapitalOttawa
National Language English
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
Important Cities Ottawa, Toronto, Ontario, Quebec City, Hamilton, Winnipeg
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd
Drives on theRight
Calling Code+1
Internet TLD .ca